Wednesday, August 19, 2009
You can use conditional statements in your code to do this.
In PHP we have the following conditional statements:
if statement - use this statement to execute some code only if a specified condition is true
if...else statement - use this statement to execute some code if a condition is true and another code if the condition is false
if...elseif....else statement - use this statement to select one of several blocks of code to be executed
switch statement - use this statement to select one of many blocks of code to be executed
Tuesday, August 18, 2009
If a match is found, this function will return the position of the first match. If no match is found, it will return FALSE.
Let's see if we can find the string "world" in our string:
In this chapter we are going to look at the most common functions and operators used to manipulate strings in PHP.
After we create a string we can manipulate it. A string can be used directly in a function or it can be stored in a variable.
Monday, August 17, 2009
A variable name can only contain alpha-numeric characters and underscores (a-z, A-Z, 0-9, and _ )
A variable name should not contain spaces. If a variable name is more than one word, it should be separated with an underscore ($my_string), or with capitalization ($myString)
In the example above, you see that you do not have to tell PHP which data type the variable is.
PHP automatically converts the variable to the correct data type, depending on its value.
In a strongly typed programming language, you have to declare (define) the type and name of the variable before using it.
In PHP, the variable is declared automatically when you use it.
When a variable is declared, it can be used over and over again in your script.
All variables in PHP start with a $ sign symbol.
The correct way of declaring a variable in PHP:
Indianisation of the superior Civil Services became one of the major demands of the political movement compelling the British Indian Government to consider setting up of a Public Service Commission for recruitment to its services in the territory. The first Public Service Commission was set up on October 1st, 1926. However, its limited advisory functions failed to satisfy the people's aspirations and the continued stress on this aspect by the leaders of our freedom movement resulted in the setting up of the Federal Public Service Commission under the Government of India Act 1935. Under this Act, for the first time, provision was also made for the formation of Public Service Commissions at the provincial level.
The Constituent Assembly, after independence, saw the need for giving a secure and autonomous status to Public Service Commissions both at Federal and Provincial levels for ensuring unbiased recruitment to Civil Services as also for protection of service interests. With the promulgation of the new Constitution for independent India on 26th January, 1950, the Federal Public Service Commission was accorded a constitutional status as an autonomous entity and given the title - Union Public Service Commission Constitutional Provisions
The Union Public Service Commission has been established under Article 315 of the Constitution of India. The Commission consists of a Chairman and nine Members.
The terms and conditions of service of Chairman and Members of the Commission are governed by the Union Public Service Commission (Members) Regulations, 1969.
The Commission is serviced by a Secretariat headed by a Secretary with two Additional Secretaries, a number of Joint Secretaries, Deputy Secretaries and other supporting staff.
The Union Public Service Commission have been entrusted with the following duties and role under the Constitution:
Recruitment to services & posts under the Union through conduct of competitive examinations;
Recruitment to services & posts under the Central Government by Selection through Interviews;
Advising on the suitability of officers for appointment on promotion as well as transfer-on-deputation;
Advising the Government on all matters relating to methods of Recruitment to various services and posts;
Disciplinary cases relating to different civil services; and
Miscellaneous matters relating to grant of extra ordinary pensions, reimbursement of legal expenses etc.
The major role played by the Commission is to select persons to man the various Central Civil Services and Posts and the Services common to the Union and States (viz. All-India Services).
RECRUITMENT TO VARIOUS SERVICES AND POSTS
To Duties & Role of the Commission
Under Article 320 of the Constitution of India, the Commission are, inter-alia, required to be consulted on all matters relating to recruitment to civil services and posts.
RECRUITMENT is made by one of the following three methods:
DIRECT RECRUITMENT is conducted broadly under the following two methods:
Recruitment by competitive examination.
Recruitment by selection through interview.
RECRUITMENT BY COMPETITIVE EXAMINATION
Under the Constitution one of the functions of the Commission is to conduct examinations for appointment to Civil Services/Posts of the Union. In addition, competitive examinations are also held by the Commission under arrangements with the Ministry of Defence for entry to certain Defence Services, through the National Defence Academy, Indian Military Academy, Naval Academy, Air Force Academy and the Officers Training Academy.
The Commission usually conducts over a dozen examinations every year on an all India basis. These include Examinations for recruitment to services/posts in various fields, such as Civil Services, Engineering, Medical and Forest Service, etc.
For an overview of examinations regularly held by the Commission. See "Overview of Examination" under this Chapter.
At present the Union Public Service Commission conduct their examinations at numerous venues spread over 42 regular centers throughout the country.
RECRUITMENT BY SELECTION
Recruitment by Selection is made by the following methods:
By Interview Only
By Recruitment Test Followed By Interview
BY INTERVIEW ONLY
Where the number of applicants is very large, it is not practicable to call for Interview all the applicants who fulfill the minimum eligibility conditions prescribed. The Commission, therefore, shortlist the candidates to be called for the interview on the basis of certain pre-determined criteria related to the job. A large number of recruitment cases is handled by the Commission by the method (1) above.
BY WRITTEN TEST FOLLOWED BY INTERVIEW
In this category, there are two types of procedure followed:
An objective-type written and/or practical test to test the skill of the candidates followed by Interview, the final selection being decided by Interview, aided by the performance of the candidates in the written test and/or practical test.
An objective-type written and/or practical test to screen candidates to be called for interview, the final selection being decided by Interview only.
Appointment By Promotion And Transfer On Deputation/Transfer
In accordance with the procedure decided by the Government, in consultation with the Commission, Chairman or a Member of the Commission presides over the Departmental Promotion Committee Meetings to consider promotions from Group B to Group A and from one grade to another within group A, where promotion is to be made by Selection.
The Recruitment Rules for a number of posts provide for appointment by Transfer on Deputation (including short term contract) and Transfer. When the field of consideration consists of Central Government as well as State Government officers, prior consultation with the Commission is necessary for selection of an officer. When the file for consideration is made more broad-based and consists of not only Central/State Government officers but also officers from Non-Government Institutions, the selection has to be made in consultation with the Union Public Service Commission.
All India Services
The All India Services Act, 1951 and Rules and Regulations framed thereunder regulate the recruitment and conditions of service in respect of the All India Services viz. Indian Administrative Service, Indian Police Service and Indian Forest Service.
As far as direct recruitment to the Indian Administrative Service and Indian Police Service Examination are concerned, it is done through the Civil Services Examination and for the Indian Forest Service through the Indian Forest Service Examination held by the Commission.
The relevant Rules and Regulations provide that 33% of the vacancies in the IAS/IPS/IFS should be filled by promotion from amongst the officers of the State Service in consultation with the Commission. The Selection Committee presided over by Chairman/Member of the Commission consists of senior Government representatives of the Central Government and the State.
Mechanisation - Project Sampera
The Commission have recently undertaken a project called "SAMPERA" (Screening and Mechanised Processing of Examination and Recruitment Applications). A simplified single sheet common application form for all the examinations has been devised which will be scanned by using OMR/ICR technology. The implementation of this project will mainly help in high speed scanning of data from forms eliminating manual entry. Other benefits will be accurate and faster generation of Admit Cards, Attendance lists with photo replica and signature facsimile of each candidate, and Error-free list of doubtful cases. The main aim of this project is to cope with the increasing volume of applications through innovations and mechanised handling so as to reduce the processing time and send communications faster to minimised errors. The cases of impersonation/malpractices will also be eliminated and wasteful expenditure will be reduced.
In accordance with the provisions contained in Article 320 of the Constitution read with the provisions of Union Public Service Commission (Exemption from Consultation) Regulations 1958, Recruitment Rules of all Group 'A' and Group 'B" posts in various Ministries/Departments of Government of India are required to be framed in Consultation with the Commission. Consultation with the Commission is also necessary for framing/amending Recruitment Rules for certain categories of posts under the Employees State Insurance Corporation, The Delhi Municipal Corporation, The New Delhi Municipal Council, Employees Provident Fund Organisation etc. under the relevant Acts made by Parliament in pursuance of the provisions of Article 321.
All proposals for framing/amending Recruitment Rules are examined keeping in view the cadre structure of the organisation and the circulars issued by the Govt. from time to time. After approval, the Commissions' advice in the matter is communicated to the Ministry/Department concerned. More than 14000 Recruitment Rules have been framed/amended so far.
To Duties & Role of the Commission
Under Article 320(3) of the Constitution the Commission are required to be consulted on the quantum of penalties in disciplinary cases affecting a person serving under the Government of India in a Civil Capacity.
EXTENSION OF FUNCTIONS TO LOCAL BODIES ETC
Article 321 also empowers the Parliament to extend the functions of the Public Service Commission to any local authority or other body corporate constituted by Law or by any public institutions.
In order to exempt some posts which for reasons of National Security or some other reasons may not be required to be referred to the Commission for their advice, the Union Public Service Commission (Exemption from Consultations) Regulations were issued on September 1, 1958, under Article 320(3)(a) and (b) of the Constitution. These Regulations are amended or revised as and when the need arises.
RECRUITMENT & CONDITIONS OF SERVICE ETC
The Provisions as contained in Article 309 & Article 311 of the Constitution are also required to be read in conjunction with the provisions as contained in Article 320 of the Constitution.
Binding nature of the advice of the Commission
A convention has been established by the Government of India, that in the following classes of the cases referred to the Commission, the recommendations made by them shall be accepted, save in exceptional circumstances. Quasi-judicial cases.
Selection for appointments of candidates. Appointment of a candidate on a higher initial pay than that of a minimum pay of the posts. Claims of expenditure incurred by the Government servants in defending legal proceedings instituted against him in respect of acts done or purporting to be done in the execution of his duty.
The Commission have a duty, under Article 323 of the Constitution to present annually to the President a Report as to the work done by the Commission and on receipt of such report, the president shall cause a copy there of together with the Memorandum explaining, as respect the cases, if any, where the advice of the Commission was not accepted, the reasons for such non-acceptance to be laid before each House of the Parliament. Back to General Information
Click here for the latest information about influenza A (H1N1) from the World Health Organisation.
If the risk of catching influenza A (H1N1) increases in India, the Health Protection Agency will issue further advice. -->
Never eat raw or poorly cooked meat.
Keep raw meat away from cooked and ready-to-eat foods.
Use a separate chopping board and knife to prepare raw meat.
Wash your hands immediately after handling raw meat.
Clean and disinfect surfaces and utensils immediately after contact with raw meat.
Cleaning surfaces with detergent and water can remove germs from an item provided you scrub all the surfaces and rinse them thoroughly with clean water. However, where proper rinsing is not possible (e.g. large or fixed surfaces such as kitchen worktops, toilet flushes and door handles) it is important to use a disinfectant to help kill the germs. It is particularly important to clean and disinfect surfaces that people often touch with their hands, such as;
handles and switches
taps and toilet flush handles
Cleaning and disinfecting surfaces using products that destroy influenza viruses will give extra reassurance.
Click here to find suitable disinfectants.
Click here if you have any questions about using Dettol products.
Click here for more information about how and when you should wash your hands.
Frequently wash your hands with soap and water.
When coughing or sneezing, cover your mouth and nose with a tissue if possible.
Dispose of used tissues promptly and carefully. Put them in a bag and then bin them.
Clean hard surfaces (e.g. door handles) frequently.
Ensure children follow this advice.
If you intend to travel to an affected country, you should check the advice provided by the Foreign Office. If the disease begins to affect more people in India, more information will be made available through leaflets, websites and the media. This will tell you how you can help protect yourself and your family and what to do if you think you are infected.
Click here for the latest advice from the Health Protection Agency.
Click here for the latest situation update from the World Health Organisation.
Click here for the latest advice from DEFRA about swine influenza in pigs.
During March/April 2009, a new strain of swine influenza virus emerged in Mexico, and started to cause illness in humans. The World Health Organisation says that this new strain of influenza, called influenza A (H1N1), can spread from person to person. Experts around the world are working closely with the World Health Organisation to help determine what risk this virus poses to the public. There is some concern that this new strain could cause a human flu pandemic (see Pandemic flu FAQs).
Click here for the latest situation update from the World Health Organisation.
How does swine flu spread amongst pigs?
Pigs can get swine flu if they inhale respiratory droplets expelled by an infected pig. They can also get infected through direct or indirect contact with an infected pig.
What symptoms do infected pigs show?
Signs of swine influenza in pigs can include dullness, fever, coughing and breathlessness. Some infected pigs (about 1 to 4 %) may die, but most pigs recover rapidly.
Sunday, August 16, 2009
Saturday, August 15, 2009
Friday, August 14, 2009
Thursday, August 13, 2009
Wednesday, August 12, 2009
Monday, August 10, 2009
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Sunday, August 9, 2009
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Job Title : WORK IN DUBAI NOW!!! (URGENTLY
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Date Posted : July 20, 2009
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Saturday, August 8, 2009
2. Master's degree holders in any branch of Science/Mathematics/ Statistics/ Computer Applications or equivalent and those who are in the final or pre-final year of such programmed.
3. Candidates in the second or higher year of the Four-year Integrated Master's degree programme (Post-B.Sc.)in Engineering/Technology and Dual Degree programmed in Engineering/Technology.
4.Candidates with qualifications obtained through examinations conducted by professional societies recognized by UPSC as equivalent to B.E./B.Tech. Those who have completed section A or equivalent of such professional courses are also eligible.
- What scores are required to qualify for GATE?
Ans) The qualifying score on the comparable test of mental reasoning is a minimum of the 96th percentile on the Total Score and 96th percentile on either the Verbal or the Nonverbal subtest scores. If test results from outside the district are submitted, all standard subtest scores must be included in the report.
Friday, August 7, 2009
Thursday, August 6, 2009
- First you close the book.
- Then go out and have a cup of tea and return back within 10-15 minutes.
- Then take some bakery items in a saucer and eat and study very slowly.
- Then you feel some easiness in study.
- Take time to study.
When you obey the above rules,it is very easy to cope up with difficult situation.
Monday, August 3, 2009
- This period is very very critical considering the life of person.
- Try to teach them in Government school.
- Try to understand the problems of poor children like them.
- Try to feed them the problems that faced to you.
- Understand them the need of hardworking.
- Try them to travel to school by bus.
- Always learn them to walk to places that need only walkable distances.
- Try to plug land near to you.
- Try to learn them the seriousness of respect that must be given to elders.
- Warn children when they eat infront of other children when they are playing or engaged in other activities.
- Firstly he/she analyse the matter thorougly.
- Second whatever be the matter suicide is not the remedy.
- Eventhough the matter is that much worse ,no problem ,we have to face it boldly.
- At that time we don't bother about the wife,father,mother,neighbour or any body.
- Think about the situation and try how to recover from it.
- Keep silence and think surely everything will come back sure.
- The suicide feel will come only for a moment.After that we will feel ashame of that, once we recover from the situation.
The life seems to fail in different ways.Most of the failure happens after the marriage of people.So we have to take proper decision in our life before we enter into such problems.I have explained what are the necessary steps to take before the failure occurs.It is nice to say infront of all that "If one is going to fail in their life,he/she themselves know that they are going to fail and that person can get rid of from such situation if they can control their mind in that particular moment.From there onwards the life of that person is in success and he/she try - never to fall in such situation in future"
Everyone beleived that a success of a life is when he/she acheives a degree or a rank.But this is actually wrong.Education is not a part of successful person.But a success of life is a mixture of
- 15% - love
- 15% - mind power
- 10% - Intelligence
- 10% - Competitive
- 10% - Education
- 40% - Hardworking
When all the above 6 qualities are statisfied by an individual , no way,it is sure he is said to success,no doubt.So my readers please try to do this.
Monday, July 13, 2009
- PHP stands for PHP: Hypertext Preprocessor
PHP is a server-side scripting language, like ASP
PHP scripts are executed on the server
PHP supports many databases (MySQL, Informix, Oracle, Sybase, Solid, PostgreSQL, Generic ODBC, etc.)
PHP is an open source software
PHP is free to download and use